Skin Diseases and Disorders
Now more in line with infection control, I think it’s important for us to talk about skin diseases and disorders. Skin diseases, disorders and conditions include persons with boils, infected wounds, open sores, abrasions, or weeping dermatological lesions. We should avoid working where there is a likelihood they could contaminate healthcare supplies, body art equipment, or working surfaces.
Workers skin should be free of rash or an infection and health care workers, tattoo artists, and caregivers should cover any sores with bandages to avoid the potential spread of disease. Let’s talk a little bit about the skin anatomy. See, the skin is the largest organ of the body. And it contains blood vessels, sentry receptors, nerves, and sweat glands. It’s made about the epidermis and the dermis.
And it varies in thickness from one and a half to about four millimeters or more. Skin as the firstline defense against infection as long as it’s intact. It’s made up of the epidermis, the thick outer layer of the tissue that’s strong and tough as long as it’s intact. The dermis, which is the strong flexible second layer of connective tissue. That dermis is filled with blood vessels and any unclean tattoo or body art is it a highrisk activity for blood borne pathogens,.
Because it involves multiple punctures of the skin to instill that pigment into the dermis. The hypodermis is just below the skin. And it’s the fatty layer, also called the subcutaneous layer. Let’s take a look at some commonly spread skin diseases. They include several types, but the first was going to be in the bacteria group. The first one is staphylococcus aureus, Otherwise known as staph. It’s a bacterium commonly found on the skin.
And in the nose of some individuals. Most the time staph really doesn’t cause any harm. The infections can look like little tiny pimples or boils or other skin conditions, and most are able to be treated. MRSA, the methicillinresistant Staphylococcus aureus infection can look a lot like ordinary skin wounds or a boil or an infected sore. However the sore doesn’t really seem to ever heal, and in fact sometimes it even looks like it gets worse.
People contract MRSA by touching infected mucous membranes, skin, or other contaminated objects. And in the community most MRSA infections are limited to skin. More severe or potentially lifethreatening MRSA infections occur most frequently among patients in health care settings. Now let’s look at viruses. The most common is herpes simplex. It’s generally found in the face, especially the lips, but it can also be seen on the scalp, or the arms, the neck, and upper chest Small round blisters when broken may secrete.
A little clear or yellowish fluid, and that fluid is highly contagious. People contracted herpes by touching infected saliva and those other mucous membranes or the skin. And then fungus the most common of these has several different names for about the same type of fungus. And that’s athletes foot, jock itch, and ringworm. It causes red, patchy, flaky, itchy areas. It’s contagious and is easily spread from one person to another. It spreads when infected area on another person or contaminated surface, like a.
10 of the Worlds STRANGEST Medical Conditions
These are 10 of the world’s strangest medical conditions. You might be left in disbelief, but they’re all shockingly real. Today’s tutorial was produced in collaboration with World 5 List. More on that later. Number 10: Tree Man Illness Epidermodysplasia verruciformis (or EV) is a very rare skin disorder also known as tree man illness characterized by a DNA virus that gives the impression that the skin has turned to tree bark. In reality, a person suffering from this disease has warts and macules growing all over the body, especially on their hands feet. While surgical procedures have been successful in temporarily removing.
The warts, there is no permanent cure for this illness the warts often grow back after surgery. One of the most wellknown cases of tree man illness was that of Dede Koswara. This sufferer from Indonesia garnered much public attention after appearing on TV in 2007 by 2008, he underwent surgery to have the warts removed. Despite s being able to remove about 95% of the warts on his body, they reappeared soon after albeit smaller than before. He then underwent multiple more surgeries but only with the result of the warts showing up again. Dede Koswara died in 2016 at the age of 42 years old; estranged from his family.
unable to work due to this rare disease. Number 9: Argyria Argyria is a condition that causes your skin to turn blue due to excessive exposure to chemical compounds. It can occur over your entire body or localized, meaning only patches of the skin will show a change in color. Cases of argyria date back to the 1850s primarily among people working in factories where silver was either manufactured or used in some capacity. Those who worked in these factories would often breathe in enough silver compounds to become argyric, though it is unclear how much exposure is needed for the disease to begin appearing.
One of the best known cases occurred to a United States businessman politician named Stan Jones. Jone has been suffering from argyria since 2000, when he began using colloidal silver due to the Y2K scare. As a result, his skin has turned permanently blue. Number 8: Capillary Leak Syndrome Commonly known as Clark’s Syndrome, capillary leak syndrome is a disease that causes a leak from the circulatory system, leading to a significant drop in blood pressure as well as parts of the body swelling to massive proportions. It can also damage vital organs is therefore potentially lifethreatening. While many of the symptoms of capillary leak syndrome are not uncommon (such as lightheadedness,.
Nausea, flulike symptoms, low blood pressure), the strange swelling in its victims is due to edema, or a buildup of watery fluid in various parts of the body. Edema can be quite painful for those suffering from it often requires extensive treatment in order for the swelling to go away. Number 7: Charles Bonnet Syndrome Charles Bonnet Syndrome is common among people who have completely or partially lost their vision. This condition brings about hallucinations, causing those afflicted with it to see things that are not actually there. It’s important to note that people experiencing Charles Bonnet Syndrome are in fact mentally healthy and.
Thus, their hallucinations are not the result of drug use or mental health deficiencies. The real name of the disease is actually Visual Release Hallucinations but was nicknamed after the Swiss naturalist Charles Bonnet, who first described it in 1760 when his elderly grandfather began experiencing hallucinations; often visualizing patterns that were described as physically impossible. There exists is no effective treatment for this condition thus far aside from reassuring that those who suffer are mentally stable. Number 6: ParryRomberg Syndrome ParryRomberg Syndrome is a disease in which one’s face caves in. While the exact cause is still unknown, it’s believed that the face.
Caving in is caused by a shrinkage in the tissue beneath the face. Experts theorize that it’s due to some type of autoimmune disorder. ParryRomberg Syndrome can also have a number of different effects on its victims. Severe pain is quite common in the areas affected as are migraine headaches. In addition, a small number of people may experience seizures as a result. It can also lead to problems with the eyes, such as drooping eyelids receding eyeballs. And to make matters worse, oral side effects are known to occur including temporomandibular joint disorders, difficulty opening the mouth, dental root exposure.